1616–42: Galileo’s theories about the solar system and his support of the discoveries of Copernicus were condemned by the Catholic Church.
Under threat of torture, and sentenced to jail at the age of 70, the great scientist was forced to renounce what he knew to be true.
He persuaded the artists themselves to bring their works—including drawings of nudes—to the bonfires.
Some poets decided they should no longer write in verse because they were persuaded that their lines were wicked and impure.
Popular songs were denounced, and some were turned into hymns with new pious lyrics.
Despite objections by illustrious figures such as George Bernard Shaw (in 1909), this power remained with the Lord Chamberlain until 1968.
1859: Charles Darwin’s was published, outlining the theory of evolution.